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Nursing: EBP


A little hisotry of EBP. The evidence-based movement was laid by Dr. Archie Cochrane, a British epidemiologist. In 1972, Cochrane published a landmark book, Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services, that criticized the medical profession for not conducting rigorous reviews of research evidence, so that organizations and policymakers could reach valid decisions about health care. Cochrane strongly advocated determining preferred treatment and practice by using evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs). In 1993, the Cochrane Collaboration was established to support international efforts to improve health care throughout the world.  (Godsahll, 2016)

There are plenty of definitions of evidence-based practice (EBP). The most well-known definition came from Evidence-based medicine : how to practice and teach EBM by David Sackett (2000) and colleagues: "Evidence-based medicine is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values."

If you are a visual learner, you will appreciate this image from Duke University Medical Center!


Here's a list of EBP books from the SCC library catalog.
For how to and where to search for EBP articles, you can find information under Databases and Journals tab at the top of this guide.

Godshall, M. (2016). Fast Facts for Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing: Implementing EBP in a Nutshell. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Sackett D et al. (2000). Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM, 2nd edition. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.


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Ying Li